Mange in dogs: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention

The mange causes terrible suffering in the dog, victim of fact of strong itching. While the disease is not fatal, it can cause serious health problems. The danger: it is very contagious and can even be transmitted to humans. How to recognize and treat it?

Mange in dogs

Dog mange: definition and explanation

Dog mange is a contagious disease caused by a microscopic mite. It comes in three types. Ear or otodectic mange is one of the most common. It is caused by a parasite called Otodectes cynotis which lodges in the animal's ear canal and feeds on its skin. In general, it affects dogs in the community, that is to say living in shelters, kennels or dog boarding.

The second form is called demodectic mange, this time caused by Demodex canis . The disease more specifically concerns dogs from 3 months to a year old and is transmitted by their mother. When generalized, demodectic mange causes pyoderma. On the other hand, it is easily treated when it is localized.

The last form of dog mange is sarcoptic mange which is the most contagious. The manager ? Sarcoptes scabiei has a formidable and devastating action since it will go and hide its eggs directly under the skin of the animal by digging galleries. The groin, chest, ears, around the eyes, elbows and sides are all affected areas.

Symptoms of scabies

There are many manifestations indicating dog mange. However, an intense itch should alert you. Sometimes scabs, pimples or red patches appear on the skin. Since the animal is busy scratching continuously, it may lack sleep. Sometimes he even fails to eat. These situations lead to significant weight loss.

Treatment and prevention of scabies

It is crucial to be reactive and to take the dog to the vet at the first symptoms. Dog mange is indeed transmissible to humans and is highly contagious. In us, it appears in the form of itching as well as redness.

Fortunately, this disease, especially in the sarcoptic and atrial form, is relatively easy to treat, provided care is taken as soon as possible. The vet injects or applies an antiparasitic. He also administers antibiotics and applies antiseptic.

The treatment of demodectic mange is more complicated and costly, especially if it is generalized. In addition to several medications, the dog will have to take baths containing acaricidal products composed of benzene hexachloride and sulfur.

To prevent the spread of the disease, especially in places with several dogs, it is best to directly quarantine the sick one. Mating is not recommended or even prohibited in dogs which have suffered from demodectic disease for a long time. Finally, to prevent a new appearance of the mange, all the objects which have been in contact with the sick animal must be cleaned or, better, replaced.