What is the LOF, what use for the purebred dog?

The owners of a French purebred dog are generally well aware of what LOF is, which is not always the case with the general public. Registering your dog is essential for it to be qualified as a purebred dog . This of course requires that the animal corresponds in all points to the standards of the breed. Let's take stock of the creation date of the French Book of Origins, its usefulness and how it works.

What is the LOF, what use for the purebred dog?

LOF, the French Book of Origins reserved for purebred dogs

It is the Société Centrale Canine which, in 1885, founded this famous LOF, that is to say the French Book of Origins . For the anecdote, we can evoke the first dog registered in the LOF, on March 11 of that same year. This is Marco, a French Pointing Griffon with woolly hair. This very first registration therefore allowed the official opening of the LOF.

After one year, there were already 200 validations of entries, but it was not until the 4 th year after the opening of the Book of Origins French to validate the registration thousandth that of a Dalmatian by the name of Nimrod. Today, nearly 200,000 dogs per year are registered there, and this great book of Origins is now divided into more than 300 sections, each one reserved for a single breed of dog. For information, 342 canine breeds - French and foreign - are currently recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale and a hundred others are not yet.

The LOF is, in France, the only official genealogical book of the dog . Its role is to certify the purity of canine parents . Registration in LOF is therefore a guarantee when you want to buy a purebred dog. Recognized by the Ministry of Agriculture 72 years after its foundation, it becomes the “ Official French Genealogical Book for the dog area ”.

Recognized as being of public utility, the SCC is both the owner of this register of purebred dogs and the sole responsible for keeping it. It is now computerized. But it is a decree which regulates the registration of each dog in the French Book of Origins.

Difference between "Purebred" and "Appearance of race"

If it is registered with the LOF, the dog is sold more expensive than a dog resulting from a crossbreed. It can legally be qualified as:
  • " Pure race ",
  • "Pure breed",
  • "Purebred dog".

Conversely , a dog not registered in the French Book of Origins must be:
  • "Crusader",
  • "Appearance of Race (X)",
  • "Of type (X)",
  • "Racial in appearance (x)".

It is very important to distinguish between these different names in order to know exactly whether you are buying a listed dog or not.

Conditions for a dog to be registered in the LOF

To be registered in the French Book of Origins, it is mandatory that:
  • The parentage of the dog is known,
  • The breeding dog is confirmed . This means that it has been certified:
  1. breed criteria,
  2. the right to reproduction.
  • The entire litter must be registered with the SCC (Société Centrale Canine). This registration is the responsibility of the breeder.
  • The number of puppies in a litter must be declared.

To be confirmed , the dog must be between 10 and 15 months old depending on its breed, as it is imperative that its growth is completed. It is then subjected to an examination. Each confirmation session takes place in the presence of a breed judge or a confirming expert . However, upon prior registration, it is possible that the confirmatory examination of a dog can be carried out at a show. Remember that a confirmed dog receives a pedigree .

Selling a dog registered with the LOF: which documents to provide?

The seller of a dog registered in the French Book of Origins must provide the buyer with the following documents:
  • The animal's health record,
  • The identification certificate,
  • The birth certificate.

The final registration in the LOF can concern a breeding male (stallion) or a breeding female (lice) who corresponds to the criteria (standards) of the breed, these being required, as we have seen, by the SCC but also by the FCI. This is the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.

For the purchaser, the fact that the dog is registered with the LOF guarantees that it has not been from a cross for several generations. This also allows you to be reassured about the risks of consanguinity , which can lead to various defects and specific pathologies.

LOF registration: the different possible cases

Registration in the LOF provides for several cases.

Dog whose breed is strongly represented
It happens that with the authorization of the Ministry of Agriculture, a breed club is authorized to close the book of origin of this particular breed, in particular when the number of its canine representatives is extremely large. The dogs are therefore registered "in the waiting book" for three successive generations, and the fourth generation can be registered in the LOF.

When the LOF is “closed”, it is only partially so, that is to say that this closure exclusively concerns the section devoted to a particular breed. This scenario preserves genetic variability .
Dog born abroad
A dog registered in a foreign pedigree book may well appear in the French Book of Origins under certain conditions, namely:
  • The foreign studbook must be recognized by the Société Centrale Canine,
  • The dog must be confirmed in France by a judge.

It can then be entered "under importation".

Dog whose parents are in LOF

If the parents of a dog are confirmed and therefore definitively registered in the French Book of Origins, the animal can also be registered in the LOF, provided that the confirmation examination has been declared by the judge to comply with the standard of his race. In this case, it is entered “in respect of descent”.
Dog whose parents are not registered in the LOF

In this case, it is a so-called “non-origin” dog. As soon as it is confirmed by a judge who has declared it to conform to the standard of its breed, it can be entered “as an initial”.

When a person wants to ensure that the coveted dog is purebred and therefore registered in the French Book of Origins, he just needs to contact the Société Centrale Canine and provide the animal's identification number . This allows the SCC to verify the presence of this dog in its files and therefore to confirm that it is registered in the LOF.